Water mitigation vs. water remediation: what’s the difference?

What is Water Mitigation?

Water mitigation is the first stage in any process to address water damage. Mitigation is the first step in a process that prevents more damage from happening. It involves water removal, moisture control, and structural drying.

Water mitigation is an emergency response that reduces the impact of water. It reduces secondary water damage such as crumbled drywall, buckled floors, and widespread mold growth. Water mitigation is a prerequisite for property-wide water damage restoration services and full service repairs.

Water Mitigation Process

Investigation and Assessment – The property is inspected by technicians to determine the extent as well as type of water damage. They also handle any necessary emergency repairs or building board-ups.

Water extraction – The truck-mounted water extraction system pumps out any standing water. Specialized vacuum equipment is used to remove any remaining water from porous surfaces.

Structural Drying – This water mitigation process involves the use of industrial-grade equipment like wood floor drying systems and subfloor drying systems.

Property Stabilization – This is achieved by using site-specific drying techniques to minimize secondary water damage. Drying equipment for crumbling drywall includes water removal, moisture control, structural drying, and buckling floors. Secondary water damage can stabilize the property and prepare it for the water restoration process.

Site Cleaning – As the drying phase progresses water damage mitigation services remove debris and identify salvageable items, and then begin the cleanup. This includes cleaning up all surfaces and materials.

Types of Water Mitigation

Water mitigation techniques vary depending on the source of water. Water from a pipe that has been broken is typically classified as clean. These cases are handled by water damage crews who follow industry standards.

Gray water presents a greater challenge. This type of damage is often caused by leaking washing machine lines, backed-up sump pump pumps, and ruptured disposal lines. Potential contamination and chemicals in water are addressed by mitigation crews.

Specialized equipment and products are required to mitigate blackwater. Black water can carry dangerous pathogens as well as hazardous chemicals that can soak into the affected materials. For water mitigation, water damage restoration technicians must adhere to strict OSHA, CDC, and EPA regulations.

What’s the difference?

If your home has been damaged by water, you may be wondering whether you need water mitigation or water remediation services. While these two terms are often used interchangeably, there is a difference between the two. Here’s a quick rundown of the difference between water mitigation and water remediation so you can make an informed decision about which service is right for you. 

Water mitigation is the process of removing water from a structure and preventing further water damage. This may involve using fans, dehumidifiers, and other equipment to dry out the area. Water remediation, on the other hand, is the process of repairing damage that has already been done by water. This may involve repairs to walls, floors, and other structural elements, as well as cleaning or replacement of damaged belongings.

So, which service do you need? If your home has been flooded or otherwise damaged by water, you will likely need both water mitigation and water remediation services. The first step is to remove the water from your home with water mitigation. Once the area is dry, you can then begin the process of water remediation to repair any damage that has been done.

If you’re not sure whether your home needs water mitigation or water remediation, it’s always best to consult with a professional. A professional restoration company will be able to assess the damage and recommend the best course of action.

Misconceptions regarding Water Mitigation or Restoration services

You might be considering taking on the task of water damage repair yourself if you have any concerns about your home or office. Before you decide to take on the job, be aware of these common misconceptions.

Replacements are More Cheap

Do not assume that replacing damaged furniture and belongings will save you money. Restoration costs are often lower than buying new items. A full-service restoration firm can identify and clean salvageable furniture and other items, such as electronics, appliances, and personal belongings.

Air Drying is Cost Effective

Without mitigation, your property will eventually dry. Air drying is not cost-effective. The moisture that remains behind walls and floors can cause damage to materials and make them less durable. This moisture can lead to unhealthy mold growth and spreads throughout the damp environment. These problems can be difficult to address quickly if they are not addressed immediately.

DIY Water Mitigation is Permitted

You can rent small water extraction systems from local home improvement centers if you are comfortable with the equipment. You will need OSHA-approved PPE gear if you are dealing with Category 2 and 3 water. Additional equipment is required for structural drying. It’s safer and easier to have industry-certified professionals handle water mitigation.

Water Mitigation Services

Water mitigation is the process of preventing or reducing further damage caused by water. This can include things like repairing leaks, fixing broken pipes, or cleaning up after a flood. Water mitigation is typically performed by professional contractors who have experience dealing with water damage. 

Water Mitigation systems are designed to quickly and effectively remove water from your home in order to prevent further damage. These systems usually include pumps, vacuums, and dehumidifiers. Water mitigation is often performed immediately after a flood or water leak in order to minimize the amount of damage that occurs.

Water Mitigation Services are typically covered by homeowners insurance.

What is Water Remediation?

Water damage can be reversed in three steps: mitigation, remediation, and restoration. Water restoration is a common topic for property owners. This is a process that returns damaged areas and materials back to their original condition.

Water remediation includes cleaning, drying and sanitizing, as well as repairing. This crucial part of the process acts as a bridge between initial mitigation and final restoration.

There is some overlap in applied techniques but remediation is an integral part of the transition between mitigation or restoration.

Water Remediation Process

Water damage mitigation is followed immediately by the remediation process. Although some aspects of remediation are similar to mitigation work, water remediation uses a wider range of techniques.

These five steps are essential to ensure that every project moves from mitigation to restoration.

1. Complete Water Removal

Water damage teams remove water from floors, ceilings, drywall, and carpets. For furnishings and personal items, special water removal techniques are used.

2. Precise Moisture Monitoring

It is important to identify and address hidden moisture pockets. This thorough approach prevents long-term problems like mold growth and wood decay.

3. Cleaning and Sanitizing

Clean all surfaces and materials affected by the accident with tools and products that will prevent further damage. The cleaning is completed with the application of OSHA-approved sanitizing agents.

4. Process of Final Drying

During water remediation, structural drying is the final phase. Industrial equipment can run for days, or even longer, until technicians verify that the final drying phase is complete.

5. Pre-restoration Services

This is the last step that addresses any repairs required before restoration can begin. This can include ceilings, floors, and drywall. Sometimes, remediation involves removing materials that cannot be salvaged.

Is DIY water remediation possible?

Water remediation is an essential part of any home plumbing repair job. The task of remediating extensive water damage can be overwhelming. To minimize structural damage, it is important to act quickly.

These are important points to consider before you attempt DIY water remediation.

  • It is hard to rent heavy-duty water damage equipment at rental centers.
  • Training is required to use industrial-grade water treatment products safely.
  • Extremely hazardous is working with Category 2 or Category 3 water.
  • Professional teams greatly reduce the time it takes to fix a job.
  • Water remediation costs are covered by homeowner’s insurance.

Water Remediation Services

Water remediation is a water damage restoration process of cleaning up and restoring a home that has already been damaged by water. This can include things like removing mold, drying out wet materials, and repairing damaged structural elements. Water remediation is usually performed by professional water restoration services who specialize in this type of work. 

So, Which Service Do I Need?

The answer to this question depends on the extent of the damage to your home. If your home has sustained only minor damage from water, then water mitigation services may be all that’s needed. However, if your home has been extensively damaged by water, then you’ll likely need to have water remediation services performed in addition to water mitigation services. 


If your home has been damaged by water, you may be wondering whether you need water mitigation or water remediation services. These two terms are often used interchangeably, but there is a difference between the two. Water mitigation is the process of preventing or reducing further damage caused by water while water remediation is the process of cleaning up and restoring a home that has already been damaged by water. The answer to this question depends on the extent of the damage to your home. If your home has sustained only minor damage from water, then water mitigation services may be all that’s needed. However, if your home has been extensively damaged by water, then you’ll likely need to have both mitigated and remediated. Call for an experienced restoration company now.


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